Laser ablation

Preparation technique which uses a laser to vaporize a graphite target to create a carbon plume, which is the precursor for growth of amorphous carbon, diamond like carbon, carbon nanotubes, or fullerenes.

NOTE. Either a continuous or pulsed laser can be used, the latter giving rise to the terms pulsed laser ablation (PLR) and pulsed laser deposition (PLD).

BSI. PAS 134:2007. Terminology for carbon nanostructures

Laser ablation is the process of removing material from a solid (or occasionally liquid) surface by irradiating it with a laser beam. At low laser flux, the material is heated by the absorbed laser energy and evaporates or sublimates. At high laser flux, the material is typically converted to a plasma. Usually, laser ablation refers to removing material with a pulsed laser, but it is possible to ablate material with a continuous wave laser beam if the laser intensity is high enough.

Wikipedia. Laser ablation

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